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Zegarek AVR C - Brak kompilacji makefil'em

tupek1991 14 Sty 2013 19:59 2019 10
  • #1 14 Sty 2013 19:59
    tupek1991
    Poziom 9  

    Witam, mam prośbę, czy mógłby ktoś sprawdzić mojego Makefil'a, ponieważ podczas kompilacji wrzuca mi błąd o kodzie:

    avr-objcopy: 'main.elf': No such file
    make: *** [main.hex] Error 1

    Posiadam zestaw uruchomieniowy ZL2AVR z dołączonym wyświetlaczem LCD.

    Kod main'a:

    Code:
    [syntax=c]//sterownik wyswietlacza
    
    #include "HD44780.h" //usawiasz tam porty sterujące, nie musisz ogarniać kodu

    #include <util/delay.h>
    #include <avr/io.h>
    #include <avr/interrupt.h>
    #include <avr/wdt.h>
    #include <string.h>
    #include <avr/signal.h>

    #include <stdlib.h>

    //deklaracje pomocniczych zmiennych
    #define SEKUNDA 0
    #define DOWN 1
    #define UP 2

    #define KEY_PIN_DOWN (1<<PD0)   //PORTD 0
    #define KEY_PIN_UP (1<<PD2)     //PORTD 2
    //#define KEY_DOWN !(PINC & KEY_PIN)

    uint8_t odczyt_klawiszy(void);
    void obsluga_zegara(uint8_t klawisz);
    void wyswietl(void);


    volatile uint8_t flaga_sekundy = 0; //ustawiana jak tyknie sekunda
    volatile uint8_t godziny=0; //aktualna godzina
    volatile uint8_t minuty=0; //aktualna minuta
    volatile uint8_t sekundy=0; //aktualna sekunda
    volatile uint8_t oczytany_klawisz=6; //przechowuje wcisniety klawisz
    volatile uint8_t ms5_flag; //nie mam pojecia
    volatile uint16_t licznik; // licznik tykniec, jak osiagnie zadana wartosc to ustawia sekunde

    char bufor[5]; //do przepisywania liczby na string


    int main(void)
    {   //inicjalizacja wyświetlacza
        LCD_Initalize();
        sei(); //inicjalizacja przerwań
        DDRD &= ~ (KEY_PIN_DOWN | KEY_PIN_UP); //zerowanie bitów, piny wejściowe
       PORTD|= KEY_PIN_DOWN | KEY_PIN_UP; // ustawianie bitów na logiczna jedynke, podciąganie do VCC
        /* ustawienie TIMER0 dla F_CPU=8MHz */
       TCCR2 |= (1<<WGM21);            /* tryb CTC */
       TCCR2 |= (1<<CS21)| (1<<CS20);//| (1<<COM20)| (1<<COM21) ;                  /* preskaler = 256 */
       OCR2 = 250;                     /* dodatkowy podział‚ przez 125 (rej. przepełnienia) */
       TIMSK |= (1<<OCIE2);            /* zezwolenie na przerwanie CompareMatch */
       /* przerwanie wykonywane 1000 razy na sekundę */
       licznik=0; //zlicza ilość tyknieć jak doliczy do 1000 to minęła sekunda





       //LCD_Home();

       while(1)
       {
                if(flaga_sekundy!=0) //jeżeli odmierzono sekundę
                {
                 obsluga_zegara(SEKUNDA); //obsługa funkcji dla sekundy
                 flaga_sekundy=0;   //zerowanie flagi
                }
                oczytany_klawisz=odczyt_klawiszy(); //sprawdza czy wcisnieto klawisz
                if(oczytany_klawisz!=0) obsluga_zegara(oczytany_klawisz); //jeżeli wciśnieto to zmiana wartosci na wyświetlaczu



       }
    }

    uint8_t odczyt_klawiszy(void)
    {
        //Obsluga klawisza DOWN
       if( !(PIND & KEY_PIN_DOWN) )               // czy wcisniety DOWN ?
       {
          _delay_ms(80);                            // czas przytrzymania
          if( !(PIND & KEY_PIN_DOWN) ) return DOWN;      //jezeli dalej wcisniety to wykryto klawisz DOWN
       }
           //Obsluga klawisza UP
          if( !(PIND & KEY_PIN_UP) )               // czy wcisniety UP ?
       {
          _delay_ms(80);                            // czas przytrzymania
          if( !(PIND & KEY_PIN_UP) ) return UP;      //jezeli dalej wcisniety to wykryto klawisz UP
       }

       return 0;
    }

    void obsluga_zegara(uint8_t klawisz)
    {
         if(klawisz==SEKUNDA)
        {
            sekundy++;   /* zwiększ licznik sekund */
          if(sekundy>59)
          {
              sekundy=0; /* jeśi ilość sekund > 59 to wyzeruj  */
                minuty+=1; //dodaj minutę
                if(minuty>59)
                {
                    godziny+=1;//dodaj godzinę
                    minuty=0;
                  if(godziny>23) godziny=0;
                }

          }
        }
        if(klawisz==UP)
        {
           minuty+=1; //dodaj minutę
           if(minuty>59)
              {
                godziny+=1; //dodaj godzine
                minuty=0;
              }
              if(godziny>23) godziny=0;


        }
            if(klawisz==DOWN)
        {
           if(minuty==0)
           {
               if(godziny==0)
               {
                   godziny=23;
               }   else godziny-=1;
               minuty=59;

           } else minuty-=1;

        }
        wyswietl(); //wyświetl parametry
    }
    void wyswietl(void)
    {   LCD_Clear();
       if(sekundy>59) sekundy=0;
       if(minuty>59) minuty=0;
       if(godziny>23) godziny=0;
        //Idz na poczatek ekranu
        LCD_GoTo(0,0);
        itoa(godziny, bufor, 10);    //przepisz do bufora godziny
        if(godziny<10)LCD_WriteText("0");
        LCD_WriteText(bufor);       //wyswietl godziny
        LCD_WriteText(":");             //wyswietl oddzielenie
        itoa(minuty, bufor, 10);    //przepisz do bufora minuty
        if(minuty<10)LCD_WriteText("0");
        LCD_WriteText(bufor);       //wyswietl minuty
        LCD_WriteText(":");          //wyswietl oddzielenie
        itoa(sekundy, bufor, 10);    //przepisz do bufora sekundy
        if(sekundy<10)LCD_WriteText("0");
        LCD_WriteText(bufor);       //wyswietl sekundy
    }

    /* przerwanie co 1000 Hz = 0.001 sek*/
    ISR(TIMER2_COMP_vect)
    {
       licznik++;
       if(licznik>1000)
        {   /* gdy doliczy do 1000 minela sekunda */
          flaga_sekundy=1;   /* ustaw flagę tyknięcia sekundy */
          licznik=0;
        }
    }

    [/syntax]



    Code:
    [syntax=c]//-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    // Wyświetlacz alfanumeryczny ze sterownikiem HD44780
    // Sterowanie w trybie 4-bitowym bez odczytu flagi zajętości
    // z dowolnym przypisaniem sygnałów sterujących
    // Plik : HD44780.c   
    // Mikrokontroler : Atmel AVR
    // Kompilator : avr-gcc
    // Autor : Radosław Kwiecień
    // Źródło : http://radzio.dxp.pl/hd44780/
    // Data : 24.03.2007
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    #include "HD44780.h"
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    //
    // Funkcja wystawiająca półbajt na magistralę danych
    //
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    void _LCD_OutNibble(unsigned char nibbleToWrite)
    {
    if(nibbleToWrite & 0x01)
       LCD_DB4_PORT |= LCD_DB4;
    else
       LCD_DB4_PORT  &= ~LCD_DB4;

    if(nibbleToWrite & 0x02)
       LCD_DB5_PORT |= LCD_DB5;
    else
       LCD_DB5_PORT  &= ~LCD_DB5;

    if(nibbleToWrite & 0x04)
       LCD_DB6_PORT |= LCD_DB6;
    else
       LCD_DB6_PORT  &= ~LCD_DB6;

    if(nibbleToWrite & 0x08)
       LCD_DB7_PORT |= LCD_DB7;
    else
       LCD_DB7_PORT  &= ~LCD_DB7;
    }
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    //
    // Funkcja zapisu bajtu do wyświetacza (bez rozróżnienia instrukcja/dane).
    //
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    void _LCD_Write(unsigned char dataToWrite)
    {
    LCD_E_PORT |= LCD_E;
    _LCD_OutNibble(dataToWrite >> 4);
    LCD_E_PORT &= ~LCD_E;
    LCD_E_PORT |= LCD_E;
    _LCD_OutNibble(dataToWrite);
    LCD_E_PORT &= ~LCD_E;
    _delay_us(50);
    }
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    //
    // Funkcja zapisu rozkazu do wyświetlacza
    //
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    void LCD_WriteCommand(unsigned char commandToWrite)
    {
    LCD_RS_PORT &= ~LCD_RS;
    _LCD_Write(commandToWrite);
    }
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    //
    // Funkcja zapisu danych do pamięci wyświetlacza
    //
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    void LCD_WriteData(unsigned char dataToWrite)
    {
    LCD_RS_PORT |= LCD_RS;
    _LCD_Write(dataToWrite);
    }
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    //
    // Funkcja wyświetlenia napisu na wyswietlaczu.
    //
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    void LCD_WriteText(char * text)
    {
    while(*text)
      LCD_WriteData(*text++);
    }
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    //
    // Funkcja ustawienia współrzędnych ekranowych
    //
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    void LCD_GoTo(unsigned char x, unsigned char y)
    {
    LCD_WriteCommand(HD44780_DDRAM_SET | (x + (0x40 * y)));
    }
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    //
    // Funkcja czyszczenia ekranu wyświetlacza.
    //
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    void LCD_Clear(void)
    {
    LCD_WriteCommand(HD44780_CLEAR);
    _delay_ms(2);
    }
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    //
    // Funkcja przywrócenia początkowych współrzędnych wyświetlacza.
    //
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    void LCD_Home(void)
    {
    LCD_WriteCommand(HD44780_HOME);
    _delay_ms(2);
    }
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    //
    // Procedura inicjalizacji kontrolera HD44780.
    //
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    void LCD_Initalize(void)
    {
    unsigned char i;
    LCD_DB4_DIR |= LCD_DB4; // Konfiguracja kierunku pracy wyprowadzeń
    LCD_DB5_DIR |= LCD_DB5; //
    LCD_DB6_DIR |= LCD_DB6; //
    LCD_DB7_DIR |= LCD_DB7; //
    LCD_E_DIR    |= LCD_E;   //
    LCD_RS_DIR    |= LCD_RS;  //
    _delay_ms(15); // oczekiwanie na ustalibizowanie się napiecia zasilajacego
    LCD_RS_PORT &= ~LCD_RS; // wyzerowanie linii RS
    LCD_E_PORT &= ~LCD_E;  // wyzerowanie linii E

    for(i = 0; i < 3; i++) // trzykrotne powtórzenie bloku instrukcji
      {
      LCD_E_PORT |= LCD_E; //  E = 1
      _LCD_OutNibble(0x03); // tryb 8-bitowy
      LCD_E_PORT &= ~LCD_E; // E = 0
      _delay_ms(5); // czekaj 5ms
      }

    LCD_E_PORT |= LCD_E; // E = 1
    _LCD_OutNibble(0x02); // tryb 4-bitowy
    LCD_E_PORT &= ~LCD_E; // E = 0

    _delay_ms(1); // czekaj 1ms
    LCD_WriteCommand(HD44780_FUNCTION_SET | HD44780_FONT5x7 | HD44780_TWO_LINE | HD44780_4_BIT); // interfejs 4-bity, 2-linie, znak 5x7
    LCD_WriteCommand(HD44780_DISPLAY_ONOFF | HD44780_DISPLAY_OFF); // wyłączenie wyswietlacza
    LCD_WriteCommand(HD44780_CLEAR); // czyszczenie zawartosći pamieci DDRAM
    _delay_ms(2);
    LCD_WriteCommand(HD44780_ENTRY_MODE | HD44780_EM_SHIFT_CURSOR | HD44780_EM_INCREMENT);// inkrementaja adresu i przesuwanie kursora
    LCD_WriteCommand(HD44780_DISPLAY_ONOFF | HD44780_DISPLAY_ON | HD44780_CURSOR_OFF | HD44780_CURSOR_NOBLINK); // włącz LCD, bez kursora i mrugania
    }

    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    //
    // Koniec pliku HD44780.c
    //
    //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    [/syntax]


    I najważniejsze kod Makefil'a:

    Code:
    [syntax=c][/syntax]# Hey Emacs, this is a -*- makefile -*-
    
    #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    # WinAVR Makefile Template written by Eric B. Weddington, Jörg Wunsch, et al.
    #
    # Released to the Public Domain
    #
    # Additional material for this makefile was written by:
    # Peter Fleury
    # Tim Henigan
    # Colin O'Flynn
    # Reiner Patommel
    # Markus Pfaff
    # Sander Pool
    # Frederik Rouleau
    # Carlos Lamas
    #
    #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    # On command line:
    #
    # make all = Make software.
    #
    # make clean = Clean out built project files.
    #
    # make coff = Convert ELF to AVR COFF.
    #
    # make extcoff = Convert ELF to AVR Extended COFF.
    #
    # make program = Download the hex file to the device, using avrdude.
    #                Please customize the avrdude settings below first!
    #
    # make debug = Start either simulavr or avarice as specified for debugging,
    #              with avr-gdb or avr-insight as the front end for debugging.
    #
    # make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler code only.
    #
    # make filename.i = Create a preprocessed source file for use in submitting
    #                   bug reports to the GCC project.
    #
    # To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all".
    #----------------------------------------------------------------------------


    # MCU name
    MCU = atmega8


    # Processor frequency.
    #     This will define a symbol, F_CPU, in all source code files equal to the
    #     processor frequency. You can then use this symbol in your source code to
    #     calculate timings. Do NOT tack on a 'UL' at the end, this will be done
    #     automatically to create a 32-bit value in your source code.
    #     Typical values are:
    #         F_CPU =  1000000
    #         F_CPU =  1843200
    #         F_CPU =  2000000
    #         F_CPU =  3686400
    #         F_CPU =  4000000
    #         F_CPU =  7372800
    #         F_CPU =  8000000
    #         F_CPU = 11059200
    #         F_CPU = 14745600
    #         F_CPU = 16000000
    #         F_CPU = 18432000
    #         F_CPU = 20000000
    F_CPU = 8000000


    # Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary)
    FORMAT = ihex


    # Target file name (without extension).
    TARGET = main


    # Object files directory
    #     To put object files in current directory, use a dot (.), do NOT make
    #     this an empty or blank macro!
    OBJDIR = .


    # List C source files here. (C dependencies are automatically generated.)
    SRC = $(TARGET).c


    # List C++ source files here. (C dependencies are automatically generated.)
    CPPSRC =


    # List Assembler source files here.
    #     Make them always end in a capital .S.  Files ending in a lowercase .s
    #     will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler
    #     output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"!
    #     Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the same,
    #     it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and gcc itself does
    #     care about how the name is spelled on its command-line.
    ASRC =


    # Optimization level, can be [0, 1, 2, 3, s].
    #     0 = turn off optimization. s = optimize for size.
    #     (Note: 3 is not always the best optimization level. See avr-libc FAQ.)
    OPT = s


    # Debugging format.
    #     Native formats for AVR-GCC's -g are dwarf-2 [default] or stabs.
    #     AVR Studio 4.10 requires dwarf-2.
    #     AVR [Extended] COFF format requires stabs, plus an avr-objcopy run.
    DEBUG = dwarf-2


    # List any extra directories to look for include files here.
    #     Each directory must be seperated by a space.
    #     Use forward slashes for directory separators.
    #     For a directory that has spaces, enclose it in quotes.
    EXTRAINCDIRS =


    # Compiler flag to set the C Standard level.
    #     c89   = "ANSI" C
    #     gnu89 = c89 plus GCC extensions
    #     c99   = ISO C99 standard (not yet fully implemented)
    #     gnu99 = c99 plus GCC extensions
    CSTANDARD = -std=gnu99


    # Place -D or -U options here for C sources
    CDEFS = -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)UL


    # Place -D or -U options here for ASM sources
    ADEFS = -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)


    # Place -D or -U options here for C++ sources
    CPPDEFS = -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)UL
    #CPPDEFS += -D__STDC_LIMIT_MACROS
    #CPPDEFS += -D__STDC_CONSTANT_MACROS



    #---------------- Compiler Options C ----------------
    #  -g*:          generate debugging information
    #  -O*:          optimization level
    #  -f...:        tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
    #  -Wall...:     warning level
    #  -Wa,...:      tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    #    -adhlns...: create assembler listing
    CFLAGS = -g$(DEBUG)
    CFLAGS += $(CDEFS)
    CFLAGS += -O$(OPT)
    CFLAGS += -funsigned-char
    CFLAGS += -funsigned-bitfields
    CFLAGS += -fpack-struct
    CFLAGS += -fshort-enums
    CFLAGS += -Wall
    CFLAGS += -Wstrict-prototypes
    #CFLAGS += -mshort-calls
    #CFLAGS += -fno-unit-at-a-time
    #CFLAGS += -Wundef
    #CFLAGS += -Wunreachable-code
    #CFLAGS += -Wsign-compare
    CFLAGS += -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:%.c=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst)
    CFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))
    CFLAGS += $(CSTANDARD)


    #---------------- Compiler Options C++ ----------------
    #  -g*:          generate debugging information
    #  -O*:          optimization level
    #  -f...:        tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
    #  -Wall...:     warning level
    #  -Wa,...:      tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    #    -adhlns...: create assembler listing
    CPPFLAGS = -g$(DEBUG)
    CPPFLAGS += $(CPPDEFS)
    CPPFLAGS += -O$(OPT)
    CPPFLAGS += -funsigned-char
    CPPFLAGS += -funsigned-bitfields
    CPPFLAGS += -fpack-struct
    CPPFLAGS += -fshort-enums
    CPPFLAGS += -fno-exceptions
    CPPFLAGS += -Wall
    CPPFLAGS += -Wundef
    #CPPFLAGS += -mshort-calls
    #CPPFLAGS += -fno-unit-at-a-time
    #CPPFLAGS += -Wstrict-prototypes
    #CPPFLAGS += -Wunreachable-code
    #CPPFLAGS += -Wsign-compare
    CPPFLAGS += -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:%.cpp=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst)
    CPPFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))
    #CPPFLAGS += $(CSTANDARD)


    #---------------- Assembler Options ----------------
    #  -Wa,...:   tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    #  -adhlns:   create listing
    #  -gstabs:   have the assembler create line number information; note that
    #             for use in COFF files, additional information about filenames
    #             and function names needs to be present in the assembler source
    #             files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described there]
    #  -listing-cont-lines: Sets the maximum number of continuation lines of hex
    #       dump that will be displayed for a given single line of source input.
    ASFLAGS = $(ADEFS) -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:%.S=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst),-gstabs,--listing-cont-lines=100


    #---------------- Library Options ----------------
    # Minimalistic printf version
    PRINTF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_min

    # Floating point printf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
    PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt

    # If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard printf version.
    PRINTF_LIB =
    #PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_MIN)
    #PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT)


    # Minimalistic scanf version
    SCANF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_min

    # Floating point + %[ scanf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
    SCANF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_flt

    # If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard scanf version.
    SCANF_LIB =
    #SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_MIN)
    #SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_FLOAT)


    MATH_LIB = -lm


    # List any extra directories to look for libraries here.
    #     Each directory must be seperated by a space.
    #     Use forward slashes for directory separators.
    #     For a directory that has spaces, enclose it in quotes.
    EXTRALIBDIRS =



    #---------------- External Memory Options ----------------

    # 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
    # used for variables (.data/.bss) and heap (malloc()).
    #EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,-Tdata=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff

    # 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
    # only used for heap (malloc()).
    #EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,--section-start,.data=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff

    EXTMEMOPTS =



    #---------------- Linker Options ----------------
    #  -Wl,...:     tell GCC to pass this to linker.
    #    -Map:      create map file
    #    --cref:    add cross reference to  map file
    LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref
    LDFLAGS += $(EXTMEMOPTS)
    LDFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-L%,$(EXTRALIBDIRS))
    LDFLAGS += $(PRINTF_LIB) $(SCANF_LIB) $(MATH_LIB)
    #LDFLAGS += -T linker_script.x



    #---------------- Programming Options (avrdude) ----------------

    # Programming hardware
    # Type: avrdude -c ?
    # to get a full listing.
    #
    AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER = stk500v2

    # com1 = serial port. Use lpt1 to connect to parallel port.
    AVRDUDE_PORT = com4

    AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:$(TARGET).hex
    #AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM = -U eeprom:w:$(TARGET).eep


    # Uncomment the following if you want avrdude's erase cycle counter.
    # Note that this counter needs to be initialized first using -Yn,
    # see avrdude manual.
    #AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER = -y

    # Uncomment the following if you do /not/ wish a verification to be
    # performed after programming the device.
    #AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY = -V

    # Increase verbosity level.  Please use this when submitting bug
    # reports about avrdude. See <http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/avrdude>
    # to submit bug reports.
    #AVRDUDE_VERBOSE = -v -v

    AVRDUDE_FLAGS = -p $(MCU) -P $(AVRDUDE_PORT) -c $(AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_VERBOSE)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER)



    #---------------- Debugging Options ----------------

    # For simulavr only - target MCU frequency.
    DEBUG_MFREQ = $(F_CPU)

    # Set the DEBUG_UI to either gdb or insight.
    # DEBUG_UI = gdb
    DEBUG_UI = insight

    # Set the debugging back-end to either avarice, simulavr.
    DEBUG_BACKEND = avarice
    #DEBUG_BACKEND = simulavr

    # GDB Init Filename.
    GDBINIT_FILE = __avr_gdbinit

    # When using avarice settings for the JTAG
    JTAG_DEV = /dev/com1

    # Debugging port used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr.
    DEBUG_PORT = 4242

    # Debugging host used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr, normally
    #     just set to localhost unless doing some sort of crazy debugging when
    #     avarice is running on a different computer.
    DEBUG_HOST = localhost



    #============================================================================


    # Define programs and commands.
    SHELL = sh
    CC = avr-gcc
    OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy
    OBJDUMP = avr-objdump
    SIZE = avr-size
    AR = avr-ar rcs
    NM = avr-nm
    AVRDUDE = avrdude
    REMOVE = rm -f
    REMOVEDIR = rm -rf
    COPY = cp
    WINSHELL = cmd


    # Define Messages
    # English
    MSG_ERRORS_NONE = Errors: none
    MSG_BEGIN = -------- begin --------
    MSG_END = --------  end  --------
    MSG_SIZE_BEFORE = Size before:
    MSG_SIZE_AFTER = Size after:
    MSG_COFF = Converting to AVR COFF:
    MSG_EXTENDED_COFF = Converting to AVR Extended COFF:
    MSG_FLASH = Creating load file for Flash:
    MSG_EEPROM = Creating load file for EEPROM:
    MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING = Creating Extended Listing:
    MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE = Creating Symbol Table:
    MSG_LINKING = Linking:
    MSG_COMPILING = Compiling C:
    MSG_COMPILING_CPP = Compiling C++:
    MSG_ASSEMBLING = Assembling:
    MSG_CLEANING = Cleaning project:
    MSG_CREATING_LIBRARY = Creating library:




    # Define all object files.
    OBJ = $(SRC:%.c=$(OBJDIR)/%.o) $(CPPSRC:%.cpp=$(OBJDIR)/%.o) $(ASRC:%.S=$(OBJDIR)/%.o)

    # Define all listing files.
    LST = $(SRC:%.c=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst) $(CPPSRC:%.cpp=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst) $(ASRC:%.S=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst)


    # Compiler flags to generate dependency files.
    GENDEPFLAGS = -MMD -MP -MF .dep/$(@F).d


    # Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
    # Add target processor to flags.
    ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $(GENDEPFLAGS)
    ALL_CPPFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x c++ $(CPPFLAGS) $(GENDEPFLAGS)
    ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS)





    # Default target.
    all: begin gccversion sizebefore build sizeafter end

    # Change the build target to build a HEX file or a library.
    build: elf hex eep lss sym
    #build: lib


    elf: $(TARGET).elf
    hex: $(TARGET).hex
    eep: $(TARGET).eep
    lss: $(TARGET).lss
    sym: $(TARGET).sym
    LIBNAME=lib$(TARGET).a
    lib: $(LIBNAME)



    # Eye candy.
    # AVR Studio 3.x does not check make's exit code but relies on
    # the following magic strings to be generated by the compile job.
    begin:
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_BEGIN)

    end:
       @echo $(MSG_END)
       @echo


    # Display size of file.
    HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex
    ELFSIZE = $(SIZE) --mcu=$(MCU) --format=avr $(TARGET).elf

    sizebefore:
       @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE); $(ELFSIZE); \
       2>/dev/null; echo; fi

    sizeafter:
       @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER); $(ELFSIZE); \
       2>/dev/null; echo; fi



    # Display compiler version information.
    gccversion :
       @$(CC) --version



    # Program the device. 
    program: $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep
       $(AVRDUDE) $(AVRDUDE_FLAGS) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM)


    # Generate avr-gdb config/init file which does the following:
    #     define the reset signal, load the target file, connect to target, and set
    #     a breakpoint at main().
    gdb-config:
       @$(REMOVE) $(GDBINIT_FILE)
       @echo define reset >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
       @echo SIGNAL SIGHUP >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
       @echo end >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
       @echo file $(TARGET).elf >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
       @echo target remote $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT)  >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND),simulavr)
       @echo load  >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    endif
       @echo break main >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)

    debug: gdb-config $(TARGET).elf
    ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND), avarice)
       @echo Starting AVaRICE - Press enter when "waiting to connect" message displays.
       @$(WINSHELL) /c start avarice --jtag $(JTAG_DEV) --erase --program --file \
       $(TARGET).elf $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT)
       @$(WINSHELL) /c pause

    else
       @$(WINSHELL) /c start simulavr --gdbserver --device $(MCU) --clock-freq \
       $(DEBUG_MFREQ) --port $(DEBUG_PORT)
    endif
       @$(WINSHELL) /c start avr-$(DEBUG_UI) --command=$(GDBINIT_FILE)




    # Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in AVR Studio or VMLAB.
    COFFCONVERT = $(OBJCOPY) --debugging
    COFFCONVERT += --change-section-address .data-0x800000
    COFFCONVERT += --change-section-address .bss-0x800000
    COFFCONVERT += --change-section-address .noinit-0x800000
    COFFCONVERT += --change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000



    coff: $(TARGET).elf
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
       $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr $< $(TARGET).cof


    extcoff: $(TARGET).elf
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
       $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr $< $(TARGET).cof



    # Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file.
    %.hex: %.elf
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_FLASH) $@
       $(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom -R .fuse -R .lock $< $@

    %.eep: %.elf
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_EEPROM) $@
       -$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags=.eeprom="alloc,load" \
       --change-section-lma .eeprom=0 --no-change-warnings -O $(FORMAT) $< $@ || exit 0

    # Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
    %.lss: %.elf
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING) $@
       $(OBJDUMP) -h -S -z $< > $@

    # Create a symbol table from ELF output file.
    %.sym: %.elf
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE) $@
       $(NM) -n $< > $@



    # Create library from object files.
    .SECONDARY : $(TARGET).a
    .PRECIOUS : $(OBJ)
    %.a: $(OBJ)
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_CREATING_LIBRARY) $@
       $(AR) $@ $(OBJ)


    # Link: create ELF output file from object files.
    .SECONDARY : $(TARGET).elf
    .PRECIOUS : $(OBJ)
    %.elf: $(OBJ)
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_LINKING) $@
       $(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $^ --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)


    # Compile: create object files from C source files.
    $(OBJDIR)/%.o : %.c
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_COMPILING) $<
       $(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@


    # Compile: create object files from C++ source files.
    $(OBJDIR)/%.o : %.cpp
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_COMPILING_CPP) $<
       $(CC) -c $(ALL_CPPFLAGS) $< -o $@


    # Compile: create assembler files from C source files.
    %.s : %.c
       $(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@


    # Compile: create assembler files from C++ source files.
    %.s : %.cpp
       $(CC) -S $(ALL_CPPFLAGS) $< -o $@


    # Assemble: create object files from assembler source files.
    $(OBJDIR)/%.o : %.S
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING) $<
       $(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@


    # Create preprocessed source for use in sending a bug report.
    %.i : %.c
       $(CC) -E -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $< -o $@


    # Target: clean project.
    clean: begin clean_list end

    clean_list :
       @echo
       @echo $(MSG_CLEANING)
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).eep
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).cof
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss
       $(REMOVE) $(SRC:%.c=$(OBJDIR)/%.o)
       $(REMOVE) $(SRC:%.c=$(OBJDIR)/%.lst)
       $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s)
       $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d)
       $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.i)
       $(REMOVEDIR) .dep


    # Create object files directory
    $(shell mkdir $(OBJDIR) 2>/dev/null)


    # Include the dependency files.
    -include $(shell mkdir .dep 2>/dev/null) $(wildcard .dep/*)


    # Listing of phony targets.
    .PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion \
    build elf hex eep lss sym coff extcoff \
    clean clean_list program debug gdb-config

    0 10
  • #2 14 Sty 2013 20:03
    szelus
    Specjalista - Mikrokontrolery

    Wrzuć lepiej cały log z kompilacji.

    0
  • #4 14 Sty 2013 20:13
    tupek1991
    Poziom 9  

    Używam programu AVR Studio w wersji 4.19. Niestety nie wiem jak w nim stworzyć plik Makefile. Czy on tworzy się automatycznie?

    Oto dołączony log z kompilacji:


    Code:
    rm -rf main.o HD44780.o  main.elf dep/*
    
    Build succeeded with 0 Warnings...
    mmcu=atmega8 -Wall -gdwarf-2 -std=gnu99     -DF_CPU=8000000UL -O1 -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums -MD -MP -MT main.o -MF dep/main.o.d  -c  ../main.c
    /usr/bin/sh: -Wall: command not found
    make: [main.o] Error 127 (ignored)
    mmcu=atmega8 -Wall -gdwarf-2 -std=gnu99     -DF_CPU=8000000UL -O1 -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums -MD -MP -MT HD44780.o -MF dep/HD44780.o.d  -c  ../HD44780.c
    /usr/bin/sh: -Wall: command not found
    make: [HD44780.o] Error 127 (ignored)
    mmcu=atmega8 -Wl,-Map=main.map main.o HD44780.o     -o main.elf
    /usr/bin/sh: -Wl,-Map=main.map: command not found
    make: [main.elf] Error 127 (ignored)
    avr-objcopy -O ihex -R .eeprom -R .fuse -R .lock -R .signature  main.elf main.hex
    avr-objcopy: 'main.elf': No such file
    make: *** [main.hex] Error 1
    Build failed with 1 errors and 0 warnings...

    0
  • #7 14 Sty 2013 20:26
    tupek1991
    Poziom 9  

    Automatycznie po opcji Build, Build and Run, czy czymś innym?

    0
  • #9 14 Sty 2013 20:47
    tupek1991
    Poziom 9  

    Gdy tworze nowy projekt, dołączam pliki i wciskam "Compile" wyskakuje mi błąd:
    make: *** No rule to make target `Makefile'. Stop.

    Gdzie muszę ustalić zasady tworzenia pliku?

    0
  • #11 14 Sty 2013 21:16
    tmf
    Moderator Mikrokontrolery Projektowanie

    Nigdzie, po prostu stwórz nowy projekt i tyle. A jak ci wyskakuje błąd to pokaż okienko properties.

    0